The human back consists of muscles, ligaments, and other components—all of these work together to support your body and facilitate your movement. Problems with any of these areas can cause back pain.
The following are some reasons you may be experiencing back pain.
Bad habits like improper posture can exert immense pressure on the tissues surrounding your spine. This continuous stress can wear out the components of the spine.
If your job requires repetitive movement or regular lifting, you must adapt proper mechanics to prevent chronic back pain. The same applies to office workers who sit for a long time without stretching. Office workers often suffer from tight hip flexors. Eventually, their hamstrings and hips will grow weak, resulting in back pain.
Additionally, if you habitually hunch over your computer's keyboard, you are likely to develop kyphosis. This excessive curving of your spine can result in chronic back pain.
Back pain can also be caused by tension or strain. This can be due to damaged disks, fractures, muscle spasms, muscle tension, and strained ligaments. One of the activities that lead to strains is lifting objects improperly. You can also strain your ligaments by lifting objects that are too heavy or making abrupt movements.
Critical structural conditions also cause back pain. One of these conditions is spinal osteoarthritis. This ailment results from damage and deterioration of the joints in the lower back. Eventually, this condition wears out the spinal column.
Osteoporosis is another condition that causes back pain. One glaring symptom of this condition is loss of bone density. This causes minor fractures in your spine, which are painful. These compression fractures are a common cause of back pain among the elderly.
Muscle deconditioning is also known as muscle atrophy. This condition arises when the back muscles lack the stability and strength to provide proper body support. This causes wear and tear over time.
In many cases, deconditioning is a result of old age. However, inactivity is another common cause. For example, if you recently got involved in an accident, you probably started avoiding certain physical activities. Too much inactivity results in weak and shrinking muscles. Consequently, your back muscles will not be able to support vertebrae and ligaments, leading to back pain.
There are so many factors that contribute to back pain. If you experience prolonged back pain, seek a practitioner to address the problem before it worsens. Some remedies for back pain include muscle relaxants, antidepressants, surgery, and chiropractic adjustments. To prevent back pain, you can strengthen your core and back muscles through strength training, daily stretches, and yoga.